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Anemonefish are omnivorous and can feed on undigested food from their host anemones, and the fecal matter from the anemonefish provides nutrients to the sea anemone. Anemonefish lay eggs on any flat surface close to their host anemones. In terms of parental care, male anemonefish are often the caretakers of eggs. Joan 6 March Clownfish and Sea Anemones illustrated ed. Journal of Experimental Biology. In contrast to most animal species, the female only occasionally takes responsibility for the eggs, with males expending most of the time and effort.

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Male anemonefish care for their eggs by fanning and guarding them for 6 to 10 days until they hatch.

Retrieved 20 September barut Wikispecies has information related to Amphiprioninae. The largest juvenile then becomes the new breeding male after a period of rapid growth.


Anemonefish primarily feed on small zooplankton from the water column, such as copepods and tunicate larvae, with a small portion of their diet coming from algae, with the exception of Amphiprion perideraionwhich primarily feeds on algae. Members of some anemonefish species, such as the maroon clownfish, become aggressive in captivity; others, like the false percula clownfish, can be kept successfully with other individuals of the same species.


Amphiprioninae Ocellaris clownfishAmphiprion ocellaris Scientific classification Kingdom: Historically, anemonefish have been identified by morphological features and color pattern in the field, while in a laboratory, other features such as scalation of the head, tooth shape, and body proportions are used.

Archived from the original on Depending on species, anemonefish are overall yellow, orange, or a reddish or blackish color, and many show white bars or patches. Archived from the original on 14 April For example, by purposefully modifying their growth rate to remain small and submissive, the juveniles in a colony present no threat to the fitness of the adult male, thereby protecting themselves from being evicted by the dominant fish.

While most species have restricted distributions, others are widespread. Clownfish or anemonefish are fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the family Pomacentridae.

Pomacentridae Symbiosis Fish subfamilies. The sea anemone protects the anemonefish from predators, as well as providing food through the scraps left from the anemone’s meals and occasional dead anemone tentacles, and functions as a safe nest site. For example, a male could choose to fan less in times of scarcity or fan more in times of abundance. Anemonefish, however, are not obligately tied to hosts, and can survive alone in captivity.

Views Read Edit View history. Clownfish and Sea Anemones illustrated ed. Marine Ecology Progress Series.


Amphiprioninae – Wikipedia

No shared haplotypes were found between species. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In return, the anemonefish defends the anemone from its predators and parasites. Florida Museum of Natural History. Biodiversity of the Central Coast. Anemonefish and sea anemones have a symbiotic, mutualistic relationship, each providing a baadut of benefits to the other.

Retrieved 18 April Bxdut are sequential hermaphroditesmeaning they develop into males first, and when they mature, they become females.

The timing of this spawn means that the eggs hatch around the full moon or new moon periods.

Baduut the Clownfishes’ Range of Hosts”. Joan 6 March Anemonefish live at the nadut of shallow seas in sheltered reefs or in shallow lagoons. Before making the clutch, the parents often clear an oval-shaped clutch varying in diameter for the spawn.

Anemonefish are the best known example of fish that are able to live among the venomous sea anemone tentacles, but several others occur, including juvenile threespot dascylluscertain cardinalfish such as Banggai cardinalfishincognito or anemone gobyand juvenile painted greenling.